Monthly Archives: September 2017

Basic Steps TO Brew Espresso

In this article, you will be given information on how to brew espresso with your espresso machine. If you understand this, then you can try and make your own “Espresso Nirvana”.


Use filtered water in your espresso machine. Water from the tap may contain particulates (such as dirt, sediment and rust) that can affect the taste, texture and aroma of espresso. Particulated water also causes added wear on parts; and can clog solenoids, valves and groupheads.


You should aim to complete all these steps as quickly as possible, but it is important not to rush any stage, particularly the tamp.


1. Fill the water tank of your espresso machine with filtered water, attach the portafilter (empty at this stage) and turn on the machine. Wait for the machine to warm up.


2. Switch on the espresso function (pump) and allow hot water to pour through the portafilter for between 10-20 seconds. This will ensure that the grouphead and portafilter are hot.


A small variation in temperature can make the difference between a great espresso and a passable one, so it is very important to ensure that the water inside your espresso machine is at a constant temperature.


3. Remove the portafilter and quickly wipe dry with a soft clean cloth.


4. Grind your coffee beans and dispense 7 grams of grounds (14 grams for a double shot) into the portafilter basket. Use a finger to brush the grounds around in the portafilter to level them as best your can.


5. Use a coffee tamper to press down the coffee grounds into the portafilter basket to form a tight puck. You should apply 30lbs/13.6kgs of downwards force to avoid ‘channelling’. As you remove the tamper, twist it 360° to leave the puck with a polished surface.


The concept behind tamping is: to ensure that the grounds are evenly distributed in the basket; and that there are no tiny air pockets. The tamp is very important as water always seeks the path of least resistance; so if you tamp too lightly or not at all, the water will find the areas where there are least grounds and channel through them. These areas will become over-extracted and release bitter compounds into the espresso, whilst the rest of the puck will be under-extracted, leaving behind much of the flavour. To work out exactly how much pressure to exert, practice by tamping the portafilter on some bathroom scales..


6. Attach the portafilter back onto the machine and switch on the pump. It should take between 25-30 seconds to produce a 1.25oz/35ml shot (or 2.5oz/70ml for a double shot).


If it takes longer than 30 seconds, adjust your grinder to a slightly coarser setting; and if it takes less than 25 seconds, adjust your grinder to a slight finer setting. It will take several attempts with a new grinder to get it dialled exactly right for your espresso machine.


N.B. The level of moisture in the coffee grounds affects the flow-rate of espresso, as the higher the moisture content the tighter the grounds will pack. As different espresso blends contain different levels of moisture you will need to adjust the settings on your grinder accordingly. Also as coffee is hydroscopic (it absorbs moisture from the atmosphere) it is, therefore, a good idea to regularly monitor the flow-rate of espresso, even if using the same blend, as changes in humidity may need to be compensated for by altering the grind slightly.


James Grierson is the owner of Galla Coffee: UK based retailer of espresso machines, coffee makers, grinders and cups for the home.

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2009 Trendiest Black Women Hair Styles

Just like with clothes and dresses, trends in hair styles also change from season to season. We may be in the middle of the year, but it’s never too late to catch up with what’s in and trendy. In terms of black women hair styles, here are the TOP 5 trendy black hair styles this year!

Pixie Cuts are perfect if you have really short hair. This style is one of the hottest black hair styles today. Get the look posed by the classy Audrey Hepburn and be glamorous! But if you do not feel the aura of pixie back in the days, you can get a more updated version of pixie cuts like that of Rihanna. This cut has more geometric shape on and is definitely modern because of the asymmetrical style. Not only it is trendy, the cut also is of low maintenance and hassle-free. Quick touch-ups and styling in minutes is enough to make you ready for the day.

Black bobs are also in this year. Again, Hollywood singer Rihanna is responsible for bringing back this hair style in the cover pages of magazines and TV screens. This hair style can be worn with or without bangs, just make sure that you have it in comfortable length. Otherwise, the full effect of the bob would be wasted.

Ultra sleek and straight hair is an excellent black women hair style. You simple can never go wrong with it, especially if you have black, silky hair. Or, you can use your preferred straightening tool to tame your wavy hair, and pose a different hair style. Just avoid using harsh straightening chemicals for less hair damages.

The classic braided hair style is also hot this year, like it was in the past years. In fact, it is one of the classic black women hair styles. Not only it puts your hair in its natural state, it is also very easy to maintain without the use of many styling products.

For any shape or hair length, there is certainly a suitable cut of bangs. Having sassy bangs can be achieved by chopping off a few hair strands. Also, updating this style is possible even without having a complete haircut.

At the end, I’d like to share a website with more information on topics like black hair styles and black hair care. Visit for more details.

How to Be a Great Talk Radio Show Guest

Whether you’re marketing a print book, an ebook, or any information product, becoming a guest on radio talk shows can mean lots of sales. Getting booked as an expert in your field becomes simple once you’ve been published. After all, you’re an author, you must know what you’re talking about. And doing several phone interviews a day becomes an easy way to make sales.

You might be wondering where to start. As with anything, you first need to determine what you want to accomplish. For the sake of this article we’ll assume that you’re looking to make sales. But if it’s blatantly apparent to the host and listeners that selling your book is all you’re after, you’ll have a short career as a radio guest. You’ve got to provide great value for both your host and the listeners.

This is actually pretty easy. First, prepare a list of questions for your host. This list should actually be a part of your media kit. Once you’ve got the questions, practice your replies so you can answer each question in short concise sound bytes. Avoid answers like, “in the book I talk about…” and, on page so and so of my book…” This will always come across as self-serving – which will be the kiss of death for you as a guest.

Keep this in mind: It’s up to you to make the host look like a genius in the eyes of his/her listeners for having you on. You do this by offering lots of great information. Many guests make the mistake of holding back with their knowledge. You can’t afford to be stingy. The more information you can deliver in a clear, crisp, intelligent manner, the more the listeners will respect you and want to buy your book.

Another aspect of being a great guest who is invited to return is to be familiar with the show and the host. When you’re familiar with your host and the type of show s/he produces, you will be that much more prepared for anything s/he might throw your way.

You might not feel this is easily accomplished, as many of your bookings will be phone interviews and a great distances from your home. However, in many cases it will be possible for you to listen to your host before your appearance as a guest. More and more radio stations are now broadcasting both over the airwaves and online, so it shouldn’t be difficult to study your host’s show. For a comprehensive list of online stations and the ability to listen to them on your computer, do a search on radio station directories.

Assuming you’re not yet a media professional, you’ll want to become a student of talk shows, both radio and TV. Notice how the great guests behave. You might also want to record several shows where the guest does a good job and refer back to them as you prepare. You’ll notice that good guests talk in a conversational tone as though they are discussing the topic with a friend.

To sum it up, remember:

Your goal is to sell your book
You do this by first making your host look good
Offer short, crisp and concise bits of information
Offer lots of information
Relax and speak in a conversational tone as though you were talking to a friend.

Here’s to your success in broadcasting!

With nearly 15 years as a healthcare professional and another 10 years as a successful real estate entrepreneur, Charles took to the pen. He’s written four books, several ebooks and numerous articles for publication. He’s now enjoying life in Southwest Florida and working as a freelance writer.

The History of Blink 182 Music

If you are searching for fast drum beats with no growling, nonsense shouting and monster sounding growls, buy a Blink 182 CD. Blink 182’s music has been, and probably will always be, among the types of music that instantly captures the hearts of its listeners because of its infectious melodies.

Like other bands like The Offspring and Greenday, the band offers cool funky styles that are more of the punk rock, pop-funk and emo-rock type.

The band is made up of a funky, fun-loving, musical genius trio: Travis Barker, drummer; Mark Hoppus, guitars and back-up vocals; and Tom DeLonge, vocals.

Being the authors of their own songs, Blink 182 has successfully written songs that spoke to the teenagers of the world. They talked about teen angst, humor, love, heart pains, and other things that a typical teenager is experiencing.

Combined with fast, simple, and rocking melodies, their songs have become a hit to fans worldwide. Even when they first broke out in the music scene, people have already noticed the funky, rock feel of their songs, which drew crowds to their shows.

The band first started during 1996 but it was the release of their running-around-nude video for “What’s My Age Again” that made them a global hit. The band didn’t stop there. Soon, they released more funny videos. One is the “All the Small Things” music video where they appeared as the boy bands and pop superstars during that time. They parodied pop artists like the Backstreet Boys, N-Sync, 98 Degrees, Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera.

However, Blink 182 music is not always about toilet and non-sense humors. They showed their listeners that they can also write relevant songs such as the “Stay Together for the Kids” song. It talks about how children are severely affected by their parents’ constant fights.

In 2003, they released the heart-wrenching song “I Miss You” which showed the more sensitive side of the band. The shift from the usual songs they write was received positively not only by fans but by music critics as well. Blink 182 gained a newfound respect in the music industry.

Just like most artists, Blink 182 is constantly developing to become better musicians, as seen on tracks like “I Miss You.” The downside is that some fans of the original punk-rock genre thinks of the band as selling out. While this is not entirely true, we can see where these claims are coming from. However, we should take note that music is evolving, and so does artists. That is why we see Blink 182’s evolving music as a breath of fresh air.

After disbanding for a while and going separate ways, expect to hear a more refined Blink 182 music as the band is preparing for their new record.

Greg Shuey is a huge fan of Blink 182 music. To read about the latest Blink 182 News, visit!

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Eric Clapton tickets for sale

Eric Clapton is a highly regarded and influential English blues-rock guitarist too like a singer-songwriter. He has singularly been inducted three intervals to the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame like a solo performer, as effectively as a band fellow member Of your Yardbirds and Cream. Clapton was ranked fourth in Rolling Stone magazine’s file with the “1 hundred Biggest Guitarists of All Time” and #53 on their document in the “Immortals: a hundred Best Artists of All Time”. In 2010, Clapton was ranked #4 on Gibson’s Top 50 Guitarists of All Time.

Eric Clapton tickets

While Eric Clapton has assorted his musical style via his occupation, it has often remained grounded from the blues; in spite of this concentrate, he’s credited as an innovator inside a substantial collection of genres which features blues-rock and roll (with John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers And also the Yardbirds) and psychedelic rock and roll (with Lotion). Clapton’s chart success was not restricted to the blues, with chart-toppers in Grownup modern (“Tears in Heaven”) and reggae (Bob Marley’s “I Shot the Sheriff”; he’s normally credited for bringing reggae and Bob Marley on the mainstream). Two of his most beneficial recordings ended up the hit like tune “Layla”, which he played with all the band Derek as nicely as the Dominos, and Robert Johnson’s “Crossroads”, which continues to be his staple track due to the fact his periods with Cream. Eric Clapton has carried out songs by myriad artists, which include Bob Marley, J.J. Cale, Bo Diddley, Robert Johnson, and Bob Dylan. He cites Freddie King, B.B. King, Albert King, Buddy Man, and Hubert Sumlin the two equally in musical have an effect on and on his type around the guitar.

Eric Clapton holds no other artist in higher esteem than Robert Johnson. In 2004, Clapton launched a CD and DVD entitled Classes for Robert Johnson, featuring Clapton documenting Robert Johnson covers with electric and acoustic guitars. He performs these tracks dwell and from the observe room all-around the DVD, in addition as gives short interviews explaining the big influence Robert Johnson acquired on him. Doyle Bramhall II helps Clapton to the acoustic tracks of your CD plus the DVD.

In his book, Discovering Robert Johnson (which he co-authored with different other writers), Clapton stated of Johnson, that he was “…the most crucial blues musician who ever lived. He was real, absolutely, to his personalized vision, and as deep as I’ve gotten into the tunes about the survive 30 a very long time, I’ve in no way situated anything far more deeply soulful than Robert Johnson. His tunes remains essentially the most helpful cry that I sense it is conceivable to uncover within the individual’s voice, without a doubt. It appeared to echo anything at all I knowledgeable ordinarily felt.” Clapton persuaded Freddie King to indication along with his history label, RSO in 1974. Clapton has recorded higher than six of J. J. Cale’s originals and has fit out an album with him. Clapton has also collaborated with Frank Zappa, B.B. King, George Harrison, Santana, Ringo Starr, Roger Waters, John Lennon, Mark Knopfler And also the Plastic Ono Band. Clapton also collaborated with singer/songwriter John Mayer on his 2006 album create, Continuum. Mayer cites Clapton in his liner notes: “Eric Clapton is aware of I steal from him and continues to be cool with it.” Clapton inspired Mayer to jot down “I Do not Rely on Myself (With Loving You)”, resembling traits of Clapton’s musical and fashion trend.

A assortment of guitarists that Clapton has influenced are: Richie Sambora, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Gary Moore, Duane Allman, Derek Autos,[49] Eddie Van Halen, Brian Might, Orianthi, Jimi Hendrix, Brad Paisley, Jonny Buckland, Joe Don Rooney, Alex Lifeson, Jonny Lang, John Mayer, Joe Bonamassa, and Davy Knowles.

Eric Clapton performed a two-evening current with Jeff Beck at London’s O2 Arena 13-14 February 2010. The two former Yardbirds extended their 2010 tour with stops at Madison Square Backyard, Air Canada Centre and the Bell Centre in Montreal. Clapton performed a series of concerts in 11 cities all by means of the U.s.a from 25 February to thirteen March 2010. His 3rd European tour with Steve Winwood started out on 18 May possibly possibly and ended thirteen June. He then started a shorter North American tour lasting from 26 June to a couple of July, beginning along with his third Crossroads Guitar Festival on 26 June in Bridgeview, Illinois. Clapton introduced a new studio album, Clapton, on 27 September 2010 inside the United Kingdom and 28 September 2010 within U.s.a. On 17 November 2010, Clapton carried out as customer around the Prince’s Perception rock and roll gala held on the Royal Albert Hall with Jools Holland, Chris Stainton, Midge Ure and Mark King. The indicate was filmed and recorded for tv set broadcast on Sky 3D on 19 December 2010. You can find Eric Clapton concerts schedule from online tickets broker

Davie McClure is entertainment professional, he writes articles on discount sports tickets including Eric Clapton tickets for over five years.

Top 10 Quotes From Alice in Wonderland With the Explanations

Alice in Wonderland is a tale from Lewis Carroll who wrote it in 1864. The story has been such a huge success ever since and many movies and plays have been made based on it. This fairytale continues to have a great fan base. Its popularity is only increasing with big Hollywood directors and stars making yet another adaptation of the story. This time it will be directed by Tim Burton and Johnny Depp will be the outrageous character called the Mad Hatter.

The conversations between the incredible characters, which include people, animals and playing cards, are eccentric and funny. Some of their phrases have become extremely famous, some of them are considered absurd and some are clearly making fun of the Victorian era.

Here are the top 10 quotes with explanations where in the story they appear. They are in descending order beginning from number 10 and going to number one, the most famous quote of all.

Number 10 spot is given to Eaglet:

Alice and many animals and birds along with a Duck, Dodo, Lory and Eaglet swam from a lake that was actually a pool of Alice’s tears. While at the shore they were discussing how to get dry. Dodo was talking in business terms about adjourning the meeting and adopting more energetic remedies. To this Eaglet called out this quoted sentence:

“Speak English! I don’t know the meaning of half those long words, and I don’t believe you do either!” -Eaglet

Number 9 is a quote from Alice herself.

This takes place during the court scene. Alice argues with the Queen of Hearts about the order of a verdict and a sentence, and then Alice realizes that she is her normal size again and does not need to care what the Queen says. This is why she yells out:

“You’re nothing but a pack of cards!” -Alice

 Number 8 is from the Duchess during the game of croquet after she is released from prison to take part in the game. Alice is quietly thinking about how pepper and other spices affect people.

The Duchess is trying to remember what kind of a moral there is in thinking and not speaking. Alice thinks that there is no moral in it. Therefore the Duchess teaches Alice that:

“Everything’s got a moral, if only you can find it.” -The Duchess

Number 7 is a quote from the Mock Turtle. He, the Gryphon and Alice are at the sea shore. Alice tells them about her adventures of the day and how she was repeating a poem to the Caterpillar and how the words came out all wrong. The Gryphon is very interested and asks Alice to repeat a poem called “‘TIS THE VOICE OF THE SLUGGARD”‘. Of course the words come out all different again. This is what the Mock Turtle calls it:

“Well, I never heard it before, but it sounds uncommon nonsense.” -The Mock Turtle

At number 6 is a quote from the White Rabbit. Alice follows the White Rabbit into the rabbit hole and finds herself in a long corridor. She sees the White Rabbit hurrying down the passage. Alice sprints after him just in time to hear the White Rabbit say:

“Oh my ears and whiskers, how late it’s getting!” -White Rabbit

This quote is actually made very famous by Disney Films. They adapted the quote into a song by White Rabbit: “I’m late, I’m late, I’m late, for a very important date!”

Number 5 place is given to a famous quote from the Queen of Hearts. She uses this expression quite often in the story. One time is when Alice meets the Queen for the first time. After Alice has introduced herself, the Queen asks her about the three playing card gardeners lying on the ground. But because Alice does not know them and expresses that to the Queen quite casually, the Queen of Hearts gets furious and screams to Alice:

“Off with her head!” -Queen of Hearts 

At number 4 is a quote from the King of Hearts. This happens at the hearing in court while the King asks the White Rabbit to read a set of verses in a letter, written by the prisoner to somebody. The White Rabbit does not know where to begin.

“Begin at the beginning and go on till you come to the end: then stop.” -The King

On the third spot is quite an odd question by the Mad Hatter.

Alice is at the March Hare’s house and the Mad Hatter is there with Dormouse as well. They are having a tea party. The March Hare and Alice get into an argument about Alice’s right to join the tea party. Then the Mad Hatter makes Alice even more furious by telling her she needs a haircut. Of course Alice declares that to be rude, but the Mad Hatter answers her with a riddle:

“Why is a raven like a writing desk?” -The Mad Hatter

Here we are, getting closer to the best quotes of them all. At number 2 position is a short and famous exclamation from Alice.

Alice eats a cake and expects something peculiar to happen to her. And finally her neck grows and grows so much that in the end she does not even see her own feet. Alice is so surprised that for a moment she forgets to speak good English and cries out:

“Curiouser and curiouser.” -Alice

Finally, number one, the most famous Alice in Wonderland quote.

This quote comes from a conversation between Cheshire Cat and Alice. The grinning Cheshire Cat is giving directions to Alice and tells what sort of people live in each direction in the woods.

Then he discloses as a matter of fact that:

“We’re all mad here.” -Cheshire Cat

Tuula Olin
Tuula Olin is a writer and digital publisher.
See the Top 10 Alice in Wonderland Quotes here.

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